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By Philip Verhagen

Dutch archaeology has skilled profound alterations lately. This has resulted in an expanding use of archaeological predictive modelling, a method that makes use of information regarding the site of identified early human settlements to foretell the place extra settlements can have been situated. Case stories in Archaeological Predictive Modelling is the manufactured from a decade of labor by way of Philip Verhagen as a consultant in geographical info platforms at RAAP Archeologisch Adviesbureau BV, one of many major businesses within the box; the case reviews offered the following supply an outline of the sector and element to power destiny components of study.

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Periods: E/M – Epipalaeolithic/Mesolithic; EN – early Neolithic; MN – middle Neolithic; LN – late Neolithic; BA – Bronze Age; IA – Iron Age. 3. THE PREDICTIVE MODEL: METHODS APPLIED In order to analyse the relationships between archaeological site location and the taphonomic map, three separate analyses were undertaken: χ2 TEST A χ2 test is often used as a first step to see if any statistically significant patterns between site location and map units can be observed. The method has first been suggested by Hodder and Orton (1976), and has been applied on a number of occasions in the Netherlands for predictive modelling purposes (Verhagen, 1995).

When looking at the ratio of site to area proportions, it is clear that the loess formations show very high ps/pa values for the full study region. The unstable Pleistocene alluvial fans and terraces and colluvial deposits also have very high ps/pa values. Low ps/pa values are observed for the resistant and intermediate rocks. However, in the surveyed zones the position of the loess formations is less dominant. When including 53 CHAPTER 3 the non-visible sites in the sample, the recent alluvial fans, terraces and river beds become much more important, largely at the expense of the loess formations and colluvial deposits.

7. Example of the calculation of K j for the Epipalaeolithic and Mesolithic, using the surveyed and trenched zones with the full site sample. n = number of observed sites RATIO OF SITE TO AREA PROPORTIONS The ratio of site (ps) to area (pa) proportions is a simple and straightforward way to look at the importance of certain map categories for site location. , 1997). However, it does not provide a relative weighting of the categories according to size. This problem is best illustrated by taking the zero site case: a large unit without sites will be less important for site location than a small unit without sites (in order words, it is statistically more significant).

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