By János M. Rainer
After approximately 3 a long time of dutiful provider to the Communist occasion, Imre Nagy led the preferred rebellion opposed to the Soviet specialists throughout the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. years later he used to be disgraced and achieved. How did the previously dependable social gathering servant develop into one in every of its so much ardent critics? How did he reconcile his personal ideals with the calls for of the get together for thus lengthy -- and what eventually drove him to take a stand? and the way may still we comprehend his legacy for the fashionable democracy of Hungary?This definitive biography of the Communist chief strains his existence from his traditional, petty bourgeois adolescence in south-west Hungary, via his large political achievements and supreme dramatic failure. the 1st entire portrait of this advanced and contradictory determine, Imre Nagy is vividly delivered to existence as an enigmatic determine whose activities formed Hungary’s future in 1956 and ever for the reason that.
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Additional info for Imre Nagy: A Biography (Communist Lives)
The Hungarian police employed a large number of informers, some penetrating even the Central Committee of the KMP. That, plus the fact that the party rules against conspiracy were regularly violated, led to the steady arrest and imprisonment of the party’s leaders and members. The resulting mistrust, the search for spies in party ranks and the mutual and often misplaced suspicion constituted an irremediable sickness that dogged the movement. Nagy was evidently able to remain clear of all this. To be sure, he did not succeed in building a militant organization in the countryside, but his contacts were numerous.
22 Nagy was among them. Kun maintained that the groups of activists at home would ‘disrupt the trade unions, begin to organize and lead strikes, and prepare and initiate the armed uprising’. After a month of training by the Cheka in conspiratorial work, they received their marching orders. 23 Nagy joined a transport for returning prisoners in April 1921 and, after a long journey and two weeks in a ‘debriefing camp’, reached his hometown at the end of May. Some of his companions were placed under police surveillance; others simply avoided contact with each other and, still more, with the almost illusory ‘underground party’.
10 In the third Isonzo battle, Nagy was wounded in the leg and, after convalescence in the field hospital, was moved first to Ljubljana, then to Ogulin in Croatia (where his mother visited him) and finally back home. He was then trained in Budapest and in Pécs as a machine-gunner. Marching orders came early in the summer of 1916 and he had to leave with the 19th Machine Gun Battalion, now as a corporal, to the front in Galicia. His unit took up positions in the vicinity of Czartoriek, south of Luck.