By John L. Esposito, Tamara Sonn, John O. Voll
The panorama of the center East has replaced dramatically in view that 2011, as have the political area and the discourse round democracy. In Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring, John L. Esposito, John Voll, and Tamara Sonn research the kingdom of democracy in Muslim-majority societies this day. making use of a twenty-first century standpoint to the query of even if Islam is "compatible" with democracy, they redirect the dialog towards a brand new politics of democracy that transcends either secular authoritarianism and Political Islam.
While the competition routine of the Arab Spring differ from nation to nation, every one has raised questions concerning equality, monetary justice, democratic participation, and the connection among Islam and democracy of their respective international locations. Does democracy require a mundane political regime? Are non secular events the simplest rivals of authoritarian secularist regimes? Esposito, Voll, and Sonn research those questions and make clear how those competition hobbies replicate the hot international realities of media verbal exchange and resources of impression and power.
Positioned for a wide readership of students and scholars, policy-makers, and media specialists, Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring will quick develop into a go-to for all who watch the center East, in and out of academia.
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Extra info for Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring
Until 2000, Senegalese politics had been dominated by single major party from the time of independence. Small opposition parties were allowed, like the Senegalese Democratic Party led by Abdoulaye Wade. Wade ran for president four times, losing to the head of the dominant party each time. Then, in 2000, he again challenged Abdou Diouf, who had served as president since 1981, and won. This victory signaled more competitive politics, with Wade serving two terms as president and then losing elections in 2012, followed by a peaceful transition of power.
Indd 33 5/15/2015 5:04:26 PM OUP UNCORRECTED PROOF – FIRSTPROOFS, Fri May 15 2015, NEWGEN 34 Isl a m a nd Demo c r ac y a f t er t he A r a b Spr ing meant that the WP garnered the support of its members and of a crossover protest vote from disgruntled voters who would normally support other parties. The vote was at least as much about politics and economics (double- and triple-digit inflation, urban poverty, inadequate social services and healthcare, pollution, congestion, high employment, inadequate housing, crime, corruption) as it was about wholesale support for the WP and its ideology.
The transition created an elected parliament that elected two successive presidents, and then in 2004, a new president was directly elected. The success of the transition to democracy is reflected in the successful transfer of power in the presidency three times. In Malaysia, the political system was multiparty but the coalition led by the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) had ruled since Malaysia had gained independence. This dominance was challenged by a reformasi movement when the prime minister and head of UMNO, Mahathir Mohammad, fired his deputy prime minister, Anwar Ibrahim, and brought criminal charges against him.