Download Lung Biology in Health & Disease Volume 223 Sleep in by Carole Marcus, John L. Carroll, David Donnelly, Gerald M. PDF

By Carole Marcus, John L. Carroll, David Donnelly, Gerald M. Loughlin

Babies and youngsters spend one- to two-thirds in their existence asleep. regardless of this, little or no consciousness has been paid to knowing either common sleep and sleep-related abnormalities in the course of baby improvement. There are profound alterations in sleep and circadian rhythm in the course of development and maturation. Sleep is especially very important in little ones, because of its putative function in consolidating reminiscence and different neurocognitive features. Sleep in young children: explores general adjustments in sleep in the course of pediatric improvement, and examines vital behavioral points of sleep, cultural results on sleep, and non-respiratory sleep-related problems features a part dedicated to new thoughts which are at the moment getting used in sleep-related study discusses the present learn in the box of pediatric sleep problems outlines a destiny framework for the improvement and learn of early life sleep problems

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Extra resources for Lung Biology in Health & Disease Volume 223 Sleep in Children: Developmental Changes in Sleep Patterns 2nd Edition

Example text

Dean W. Beebe I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II. Psychometric Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . III. Psychometric Issues in Child Assessment . . . . . IV. The State of the Field Circa 2006 ............... V. Concluding Comments ....................... References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structural and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging as a Research Tool in Pediatric Sleep Research . . . . . . Ronald M. Harper, Paul M.

V. Physiological Data Acquisition . . . . . . . . . xix 317 317 318 319 319 321 322 323 324 326 329 330 335 335 338 341 345 345 346 354 360 363 363 367 367 367 373 375 378 xx Contents VI. Movement Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII. Imaging Resources and Shared Access . . . . . . VIII. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index . . 385 379 379 380 380 1 Neurophysiological Basis and Behavior of Early Sleep Development LILIA CURZI-DASCALOVA INSERM U 676, Paris, France FIORENZA GIGANTI and PIERO SALZARULO University of Florence, Florence, Italy I.

The amount of REM sleep declines during the first three weeks of life (5,77,78). However, at three weeks of age, the amount of REM sleep in kittens, rat pups, and guinea pig pups remains twice that in adult animals (63). REM sleep in rats continues to decline between 23 and 40 days of age (79). In conclusion, the first steps of the differentiation of behavioral states seem dependent on the degree of brain maturation; in several species characterized by greater brain maturity at birth, concordance between REM and NREM state characteristics may be established during fetal life or during the first few days after birth.

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