By Jianhai Xiang
As one of many eighteen field-specific reviews comprising the great scope of the strategic common document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technological know-how and know-how within the box of marine technological know-how. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group studies learn the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technological know-how and know-how, describe the decisive effect of technology and expertise at the modernization method, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an approaching S&T revolution, and contact for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in response to the unique examine of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the studies draw a framework for 8 easy and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technological know-how and expertise, figure out China's S&T roadmaps for the correct 8 easy and strategic structures based on China's fact, extra aspect S&T tasks of strategic value to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with entire consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in line with China's fact. Supported by way of illustrations and tables of information, the stories supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with assistance touching on learn instructions, the making plans procedure, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment in average sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior examine in easy and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on usual assets and ecological surroundings, to supply the rustic with medical facts and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks with reference to key S&T difficulties within the technique of socio-economic improvement, to start up group of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech organizations via its lively engagement in those parts.
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Additional resources for Marine Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
China has made fast progresses in the desalination of seawater, seawater chemistry, beach culture, the coastal zone, as well as the use of new energy sources, such as coastal tourism. However, while rapid economic growth in coastal zone created enormous economic benefits, it also resulted in the natural environment damages in the area, influencing directly the sustainable development of coastal mangroves, corals and coral reefs, and spawning grounds in estuaries and gulfs, such natural ecosystems.
It generally situates in the water depth between 1,000–3,500 m, and is a highly potential long-term resources. To research hydrothermal sulfide resources, and to understand the deep structure of the hydrothermal-active area, can not only ease the demand for mineral resources for development of human society, but also can help us to understand very well the modern seafloor hydrothermal activity mechanism, the evolution of history and fundamental issues such as mining laws, the flow cycle mechanism and passages of seafloor hydrothermal fluid, and to provide a new perspective in land-based exploration of ancient seafloor hydrothermal sulfide.
We must rely on marine science and technology to realize the maritime power dream that formed and lasted for many generations. Although the road may be long and uneven, we must be always persistent in pursuing our goal. The long marine journey will certainly see the dawn at the ocean as the reward after all by the effort of the whole nation. ·8· Marine Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 In the coming decades, Chinese sustained economic development requires major and urgent needs for marine biological resources, oil and gas resources and mineral resources; The peaceful rise of China must have a strong coastal defense and security; better life and harmonious society building demands for the safety of marine food and healthy marine environment.